Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections
United States Supreme Court
383 U.S. 663 (1966)
Section 173 of the Virginia Constitution directed the General Assembly to levy an annual poll tax not exceeding $1.50 on every resident of the state twenty-one years of age or older. Harper (plaintiff), a Virginia resident, brought suit against the Virginia State Board of Elections (defendant) in federal district court alleging that the Virginia poll tax violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The district court dismissed the complaint, and Harper appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Douglas, J.)
Dissent (Harlan, J.)
Dissent (Black, J.)