A Stevens County (defendant) ordinance required that a subdivision application contain the signatures of anyone with an ownership interest in the land to be subdivided. Robert Harrison (plaintiff) owned the mineral interests in 80 acres of land. Thomas and Barbara Crain (defendants) owned the surface land of 20 of the acres subject to Harrison’s mineral interest. The Crains filed an application to subdivide their 20 acres. The Stevens County planning department granted the application. Harrison appealed the grant on the ground that he had not signed the application. A hearing examiner affirmed the grant. Harrison filed suit in superior court, and the superior court reversed the hearing examiner’s decision. The Crains appealed.