An American Airlines (defendant) plane traveling from New York to Kentucky crashed, killing 58 people. Numerous lawsuits were brought against American Airlines in various jurisdictions. One suit was brought in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas. The Texas action ended in a judgment for the plaintiffs and was the first suit related to the crash to come to a full conclusion. Loretta Hart and other representatives of the deceased passengers' estates (plaintiffs) brought this identical suit against American Airlines in New York state court. The plaintiffs filed a motion for summary judgment based on the results of the Texas suit.