United States Supreme Court
459 U.S. 21 (1982)
Plasencia (plaintiff) was born in El Salvador and entered the United States as a permanent resident alien in 1940. She married a United States citizen. In 1975, Plasencia and her husband traveled to Mexico and agreed to help six Mexican and Salvadoran nationals to enter the United States illegally. Several days later, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) agents at the border discovered the nationals and detained Plasencia for an exclusion hearing pursuant to Section 212(a)(31) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952. An immigration law judge found by clear and convincing evidence that Plasencia had knowingly aided nonresident aliens trying to enter the United States in violation of law. As a result, Plasencia was excluded from reentering the United States. The Supreme Court granted certiorari on appeal.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (O‘Connor, J.)
Concurrence/Dissent (Marshall, J.)
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