Massachusetts v. Cruz

945 N.E.2d 899, 459 Mass. 459 (2011)

From our private database of 46,100+ case briefs, written and edited by humans—never with AI.

Massachusetts v. Cruz

Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
945 N.E.2d 899, 459 Mass. 459 (2011)

  • Written by Patrick Speice, JD

Facts

Benjamin Cruz (defendant) was a passenger in a car that was blocking a fire hydrant in a school zone. Police officers approached the car and detected a faint marijuana odor emanating from the car. At the time, possession of one ounce or less of marijuana was not a crime in Massachusetts. The officers nevertheless ordered Cruz and the driver to exit the car so that the officers could search the car. As Cruz exited, the officers asked whether Cruz had anything on him. Cruz indicated that he was in possession of crack cocaine, which the officers then seized from Cruz’s pocket. Cruz was charged with possession of a controlled substance in a school zone and other crimes. Before trial, Cruz filed a motion to suppress the cocaine, arguing that the officers had no probable cause to search the car and, therefore, no basis to order Cruz to exit the car, which ultimately led to the officers finding the cocaine in Cruz’s pocket. The trial court agreed with Cruz and suppressed the cocaine. The state appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Ireland, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 747,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 747,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 46,100 briefs, keyed to 987 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 747,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 46,100 briefs - keyed to 987 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership