A-C-M- (plaintiff) was a citizen of El Salvador who claimed she entered the United States without inspection in 1991. Before she came to the United States, A-C-M- was kidnapped by El Salvadorian guerillas and required to perform cooking and cleaning duties under threat of death. In 2016, an immigration judge found that A-C-M- was ineligible for asylum based on § 212 of the Immigration and Nationality Act’s (the act) bar against material support of terrorist organizations. A-C-M- appealed, arguing that any assistance she provided the guerillas in El Salvador was de minimis and not material. A-C-M- further asserted that even if the material-support bar was applicable to her, she was entitled to a duress exception. The appeal was heard by the Board of Immigration Appeals.