The defendants executed a contract to buy land from the plaintiffs and mailed the contract to the plaintiffs. In turn, the plaintiffs executed the contract and mailed it back to the defendants. However, before the defendants received the executed contract, the plaintiffs called the defendants and repudiated their execution of the contract. Nonetheless, the defendants recorded the contract when they received it. The plaintiffs brought suit to quiet title and the defendants counter-claimed, seeking specific performance of the contract. The trial court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs on the basis of a finding that due to the plaintiffs’ repudiation, a contract had not been formed. The defendants appealed.