Supreme Court of California
325 P.3d 972 (Cal. 2014)
Bobby Chiu (defendant) participated in a gang-related brawl that ended with Che, an associate of Chiu’s, killing Treadway. Chiu was charged with murder on two theories: (1) Chiu directly aided and abetted Che in the murder, and (2) Chiu aided and abetted Che in the assault of Treadway, and under the circumstances, the assault had the natural and probable consequence of Treadway’s death. The trial court instructed the jury on the natural and probable consequences doctrine and direct aiding and abetting as bases for first-degree murder. The jury found Chiu guilty of first-degree murder. Chiu appealed. The court of appeal reversed the conviction based on improper jury instructions. The state appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Chin, J.)
Concurrence (Kennard, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 223,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.