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PFT Roberson, Inc. v. Volvo Trucks North America, Inc.

United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
420 F.3d 728 (2005)



PFT Roberson (Roberson) (plaintiff), a trucking company, approached Volvo (defendant) about entering into a contract for the purchase, maintenance, and repair of Roberson’s trucks. During negotiations, Volvo sent an email to Roberson dated December 6, 2001, recapping earlier conversations with Roberson and stating the terms that the parties had agreed upon and those that still needed to be finalized. The parties continued to negotiate and two months later Volvo sent its finalized proposal to Roberson. Roberson refused to sign and brought suit against Volvo for breach of contract and fraud. Roberson claimed that Volvo bound itself to the terms it agreed to in the December 6 email and all the later attempts to negotiate were fraudulent. The trial court held that the terms Volvo assented to in the email constituted a valid contract between the parties. Volvo appealed the decision.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Easterbrook, J.)

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