Randi (plaintiff), a 13-year-old student, alleged that Gadams, the vice-principal of her school, sexually assaulted her. She brought claims for negligent misrepresentation and fraud against four school districts (defendants) that had previously employed Gadams. Randi alleged that the school districts, despite knowing of complaints against Gadams for sexual misconduct, gave him unreservedly positive letters of reference, and that Randi’s school relied on these positive references in hiring Gadams. The trial court dismissed the claims, finding that even if the facts alleged were true, Randi could not succeed on her claims as a matter of law. The court of appeals reversed.