Varsity football player, Fred Rensing (plaintiff), was rendered a quadriplegic as a result of an injury he sustained during a spring football practice at Indiana State University (ISU) (defendant). At the time of the injury Rensing was on a full-scholarship, known as a standard NCAA “grant-in-aid” which paid for his tuition, room and board, books, and other items. The scholarship was renewable each year so long as Rensing “actively participated in football competition.” After the injury, Rensing sought, and was denied, workers’ compensation benefits from Indiana’s Industrial Board. Rensing appealed the decision of the Board. The trial court found that an “employer-employee” relationship existed between Rensing and ISU allowing Rensing to collect benefits. The case was subsequently appealed to the Indiana Supreme Court.