Salinetro (plaintiff) visited a doctor, Nystrom (defendant), after sustaining injuries in a car accident. Unknown to the parties, Salientro was four to six weeks pregnant when she visited Nystrom. Nystrom failed to inquire about Salinetro’s pregnancy, and performed x-rays on Salinetro’s pelvis. Salinetro later realized that she had been pregnant and that the fetus was now dead, likely from the x-ray exposure. Salinetro brought a medical malpractice claim against Nystrom for failing to inquire about whether she was pregnant. At trial, Salinetro testified that if Nystrom had asked whether she was pregnant, she would have responded negatively. After the close of Salinetro’s evidence, the trial court granted a directed verdict in favor of Nystrom based on Salinetro’s failure to prove causation.