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St. Francis College v. Al-Khazraji
United States Supreme Court
481 U.S. 604, 107 S. Ct. 2022, 95 L. Ed. 2d 582 (1987)
St. Francis College (college) (defendant) denied tenure to Al-Khazraji (plaintiff), an Arab associate professor. Khazraji sued the college pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1981, alleging that it had discriminated against him because of his race. The college argued that § 1981 protects against racial discrimination but not against ethnic discrimination. In support of this argument, the college claimed that Arabs are racially classified as Caucasian, and it is impossible for a Caucasian to state a claim for racial discrimination against other Caucasians. The district court ruled that § 1981 does not protect against discrimination based on ancestry. The court of appeals reversed, and the United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)
Concurrence (Brennan, J.)
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