Mrs. Broadhurst (defendant) asked a man named Williams to kill her husband, Dr. Broadhurst. Williams pretended to have car trouble on a rural area of the road where he knew Dr. Broadhurst would drive by. Dr. Broadhurst stopped to help Williams with his vehicle and Williams hit Broadhurst over the head with a heavy wrench. But Williams changed his mind about killing Dr. Broadhurst and began to leave. As Williams was leaving, Dr. Broadhurst came at him and Williams shot and killed Broadhurst. Mrs. Broadhurst was charged with first-degree murder. At trial, Williams testified that he shot Dr. Broadhurst because he feared for his own life. Nevertheless, Mrs. Broadhurst was convicted and she appealed. The circuit court affirmed and the Oregon Supreme Court granted review.