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State v. Freeman

Supreme Court of Iowa
450 N.W.2d 826 (1990)


Facts

Robert Freeman (defendant) sold two grams of cocaine, a controlled substance, to Keith Hatcher for $200. Hatcher was working with law enforcement. The purported cocaine was in fact acetaminophen, which is not a controlled substance. Freeman was unaware of the true nature of the substance and believed it was cocaine. Freeman was convicted of delivering a simulated controlled substance represented to be cocaine under Iowa Code § 204.401(2). Freeman appealed his conviction on the ground that he could not be liable for delivering a simulated controlled substance if he believed he was delivering cocaine.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (McGiverin, C.J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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