In March 2004, Keeton (defendant) entered a convenience store to purchase cigarettes. Surveillance video showed that while checking out, Keeton reached into the store clerk’s cash drawer and took multiple $20 bills. When Keeton attempted to leave the store with the cash, the clerk blocked the exit doors and tried to take the cash from Keeton’s hand. Keeton would not surrender the cash, and his hand touched the clerk’s hand. Keeton temporarily backed away from the clerk but then extended his arm, with the money in his hand, and proceeded back toward the exit. Keeton pulled his hand back as the clerk moved away from the door. As Keeton then exited the store with the cash, the clerk grabbed Keeton’s hat in anger. Keeton was convicted of second-degree robbery, and he appealed on the ground that there was insufficient evidence to support the required assault element of a robbery offense.