Terri Williquette (defendant) was indicted on two counts of child abuse after she failed to take action to prevent her husband from repeatedly “sexually abusing, beating, and otherwise mistreating” her two minor children. Prior to trial, Williquette filed a motion to dismiss the indictment claiming she could not be charged directly because she did not commit the abusive acts. The trial court agreed and dismissed the indictment. The State of Wisconsin (State) appealed. The court of appeals reversed and held that Williquette could have been charged with aiding and abetting her husband’s abuse of the children. Williquette’s petition for review was granted by the Wisconsin Supreme Court.