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Stewart Organization, Inc. v. Ricoh Corp.

United States Supreme Court
487 U.S. 22 (1988)


Stewart Organization (plaintiff) brought suit against the Ricoh Corp. (defendant) in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama for breach of a dealership agreement. The agreement contained a forum-selection clause that mandated that any dispute arising out of the agreement was to be brought only in a court located in Manhattan. In accordance with the clause, Ricoh filed a motion to transfer the case to the Southern District of New York under 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). The United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama denied the motion. The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit reversed, holding that the forum-selection clause was enforceable as a matter of law. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Marshall, J.)

Concurrence (Kennedy, J.)

Dissent (Scalia, J.)

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