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Stuart v. Laird
United States Supreme Court
5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 299 (1803)
In 1802, Congress repealed the Judiciary Act of 1801, eliminating the circuit courts and circuit judges that the 1801 act had established. Soon after the repeal, Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1802, which authorized Supreme Court justices to sit on circuit courts. The plaintiff filed a petition to overturn a judgment by a circuit court, arguing that the repeal of the 1801 act was unconstitutional. The circuit court, with Supreme Court Justice Marshall presiding, rejected the plaintiff’s petition. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Paterson, J.)
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