Terry v. Adams
United States Supreme Court
345 U.S. 461 (1953)
The Jaybird Democratic Association or Jaybird Party was a Fort Bend County, Texas political organization created to hold primary elections and identify candidates that would later run in the Democratic Party primary and general elections. The winner of the Jaybird Party primary had been successful in every general election for over fifty years. The Jaybird Party limited its membership exclusively to white people. It conducted its elections according to identical procedures as the county elections, with the exception of the fact that African Americans were excluded from voting. Terry (plaintiff) was an African American person excluded from voting who brought suit against Adams (defendant) of the Jaybird Party and Fort Bend County in federal district court. The district court held that the Jaybird Party acted unconstitutionally, but the court of appeals reversed on the grounds that it was not a state organization. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Black, J.)
Concurrence (Clark, J.)
Dissent (Minton, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 147,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,300 briefs, keyed to 182 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.