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Trump v. Vance
United States Supreme Court
140 S. Ct. 2412 (2020)
New York County prosecutor Cyrus Vance (defendant) issued a subpoena on behalf of the grand jury directing the personal accounting firm (defendant) of President Trump (plaintiff) to produce nearly 10 years of Trump’s tax returns and related records. Trump sued to block the subpoena, arguing that Article II and the Supremacy Clause absolutely immunized sitting presidents from state criminal prosecutions. The federal district court refused to enter an injunction. On appeal, the Second Circuit affirmed that presidential immunity did not bar the subpoena and that no heightened standard of need applied. Trump appealed to the Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Roberts, C.J.)
Concurrence (Kavanaugh, J.)
Dissent (Thomas, J.)
Dissent (Alito, J.)
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