James Turnell (plaintiff) worked for Continental CentiMark Corporation (defendant), a commercial roofing company. Turnell’s contract had a number of covenants restricting his ability to work with a competitor if he left the company. CentiMark fired Turnell, and Turnell began working for a competitor, Windward Roofing and Construction, Inc. CentiMark demanded that Turnell stop working for Windward, but Turnell refused. Turnell sought a declaratory judgment that the restrictive covenants were unenforceable. CentiMark filed a motion for a preliminary injunction, seeking to enjoin Turnell from working for Windward. Turnell testified that he knew of the covenants in his contract, but disregarded them because he needed a job. The district court granted an injunction. Under the district court’s order, Turnell was permitted to continue working for Windward, but could not sell to CentiMark’s customers. Turnell appealed.