United States v. Alvarez
United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
610 F.2d 1250 (1980)
John Cifarelli, Genaro Cruz, Edward Peterson, and Manuel Alvarez (defendant) were charged with conspiring to import marijuana into the United States. Cifarelli made plans to meet an undercover agent at an airport. Alvarez drove the men to the airport in a truck that was filled with household appliances, including a washer and dryer. The agent asked Cifarelli who Alvarez was, and Cifarelli said that Alvarez would unload a cargo of marijuana from the plane in the United States. The agent asked Alvarez if Cifarelli’s statement was true, and Alvarez nodded his head and smiled, indicating a confirmation. Upon reaching the airport, Alvarez unloaded the appliances from the truck. After the agent spoke with Cruz, who outlined the plans for the arrival and unloading of the marijuana from the plane, the men were arrested and charged with conspiracy to import marijuana. The indictment against Peterson was dismissed, while Cifarelli pleaded guilty. Cruz was convicted in a joint trial with Alvarez. Alvarez appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Rubin, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 725,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 725,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,600 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.