Susan B. Anthony (defendant) was indicted for voting for a congressional representative in violation of New York law and the state constitution, which did not permit women to vote. During her trial, Anthony argued that the barring of her vote was an unconstitutional violation of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. Anthony argued that when she voted, she believed she had the right to vote due to this unconstitutionality. The circuit court ordered the jury to enter a guilty verdict, without allowing jury deliberation on any question related to Anthony’s guilt. Anthony moved for a new trial.