Congress passed a resolution authorizing the President to stop the sale of arms to countries involved in the Chaco border dispute. That same day, President Roosevelt issued an executive order prohibiting munitions sales to warring countries involved in the Chaco border dispute. In 1936, an indictment was issued alleging that Curtiss-Wright Export Co. (defendant) illegally sold arms to Bolivia, a country engaged in the Chaco border dispute. The transaction was in violation of the congressional resolution and the President’s executive order. The district court issuing the indictment held for Curtiss-Wright, ruling that the indictment was not supported by sufficient information to charge Curtiss-Wright. The United States government (plaintiff) appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court.