Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

United States v. Estepa

471 F.2d 1132 (1972)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 34,000+ case briefs...

United States v. Estepa

United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

471 F.2d 1132 (1972)

Facts

Charles Estepa (defendant), Francis Vasquez (Vasquez) (defendant), Jaime Vasquez, Rafael Perez, and Jose Luis Dones were federally charged with distributing heroin and related possession and conspiracy charges. An undercover officer, Jose Guzman, allegedly purchased heroin from the group of men several times. During the final transaction, after Guzman exchanged money for heroin with Jaime and Dones, Guzman signaled to surveillance agents, and Jaime and Dones were arrested. At the same time, other law-enforcement agents attempted to stop an unidentified driver and Estepa in a car a few blocks away. The driver sped away, and as police followed, the car’s occupants threw packages of heroin out of the windows. The agents ultimately arrested Estepa, and the driver escaped. The sole witness at the grand jury hearing was New York City Policeman Twohill. Twohill briefly admitted in response to the prosecutor’s (plaintiff) direct question that Twohill observed the final meeting between Guzman, Jaime, and Dones but could not see the actual drug transaction. Otherwise, Twohill related extremely detailed testimony regarding events that he, at most, could have only surveilled from afar, but neither Twohill nor the prosecutor informed the grand jury that much of Twohill’s testimony was hearsay. For example, Twohill described the high-speed chase and Estepa’s arrest without mentioning that Twohill neither observed nor participated in those events. The grand jury indicted the five men, and all five men were convicted. Estepa and Vasquez appealed and raised several issues, including challenges to the grand-jury indictment based on Twohill’s testimony.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Friendly, C.J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 607,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 607,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 34,000 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 607,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 34,000 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership