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United States v. Pang

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
362 F.3d 1187 (9th Cir. 2004)


Facts

Fred Pang (defendant) owned a wholesale cooking-oil business. Pang was charged with tax fraud in connection with a failure to fully report income from business sales to certain customers. The prosecution sought to introduce cancelled checks written by Wo Lee Company (Wo Lee), one of Pang’s customers, into evidence. The owner of Wo Lee had given the checks to an Internal Revenue Service agent. Over Pang’s objection, the district court admitted the cancelled checks as evidence. Pang was convicted. Pang appealed, arguing that the checks were inadmissible hearsay.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Silverman, J.)

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  • A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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