Larry Rodgers (defendant) reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) that his wife had been kidnapped. The FBI investigated and found instead that Rodgers’s wife had willingly left him. Rodgers subsequently contacted the Secret Service and falsely reported that his wife was plotting to assassinate the president. After a Secret Service investigation, Rodgers admitted that his reports were false. Rodgers was charged with making false statements to the FBI and the Secret Service in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1001. Rodgers moved to dismiss the indictment, arguing that the investigations by the FBI and the Secret Service were not matters within the jurisdiction of those agencies. The District Court for the Western District of Missouri granted the motion and dismissed the indictment. The Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit affirmed. Certiorari was granted.