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United States v. Singer

United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
687 F.2d 1135 (1983)


Facts

At the trial of Joseph Sazenski and Arturo Izquierdo (defendants) for drug offenses, the district court admitted into evidence an envelope addressed to Sazenski and “Carlos Almaden” at 600 Wilshire in Minnetonka. The envelope, which had been found at the residence, was mailed by the landlord and contained a letter notifying Sazenski and “Carlos Almaden” that their tenancy was being terminated. Since it had been established that Sazenski resided at 600 Wilshire in Minnetonka and that Izquierdo used the alias Carlos Almaden, the envelope was introduced to show that “Carlos Almaden” lived with Sazenski. Sazenski and Izquierdo were convicted and Sazenski appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, asserting that the court erred in admitting the envelope because the letter was hearsay.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

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Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

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Holding and Reasoning (Henley, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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