Alfonso Torres (defendant) was convicted for knowingly transporting cocaine across the US–Mexico border in a hidden compartment in his pickup truck. Torres’s defense was that his friend, Fernando Griese, borrowed his truck many times and that the hidden compartment and cocaine could have been added then. During his retrial, Torres attempted to testify that Griese had asked Torres several times to run errands for him in San Diego in an attempt to manipulate Torres into unknowingly transporting the drugs across the border. Torres claimed that Griese asked him to run three different errands over the course of a week. The district court held that Torres’s testimony about Griese’s requests was hearsay and inadmissible. Torres appealed, arguing that Griese’s requests were not statements for hearsay purposes.