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United States v. Wheeler

United States Supreme Court
435 U.S. 313 (1978)


Facts

Anthony Wheeler (defendant), a member of the Navajo Nation, was charged with disorderly conduct and contributing to the delinquency of a minor on Navajo land. Wheeler pled guilty in a Navajo court and was imprisoned and ordered to pay a fine. Almost one year later, Wheeler was indicted for the federal crime of statutory rape, based on the same conduct for which Wheeler was tried and convicted in the Navajo court. Wheeler moved to dismiss the indictment in federal court. Wheeler argued that the Double Jeopardy Clause of the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution barred the federal government from retrying Wheeler for the crime.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Stewart, J.)

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  • A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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