Judith Bashaway (plaintiff) and Melinda Garrison (plaintiff) were in a committed, long-term intimate relationship. Bashaway and Garrison were not married, as Florida law did not permit same-sex marriage. Garrison was in a car accident with an automobile of Cheney Brothers, Inc. (Cheney) (defendant). Garrison brought suit against Cheney. Bashaway joined Garrison in the suit and filed a claim for loss of consortium. Cheney filed a motion to dismiss Bashaway’s claim on the ground that loss of consortium could only be granted to a legally married spouse. The circuit court granted Cheney’s motion to dismiss the claim. Bashaway appealed, arguing that loss of consortium should be expanded to cover a serious committed relationship or, in the alternative, that the court should adopt an exception to the marriage requirement.