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Carson v. American Brands, Inc.

United States Supreme Court
450 U.S. 79 (1981)


Facts

Carson, et al. (plaintiffs) brought suit against American Brands, Inc. (American Brands) (defendant) for racial employment discrimination. After discovery, the parties negotiated a settlement which included an injunction enjoining American Brands from discriminating against black employees and an immediate restructuring of American Brands’s promotional policies. The parties filed a motion with the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia to approve the settlement. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia denied the motion to approve the settlement, finding that its terms violated Title VII. The plaintiffs appealed and the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit dismissed the appeal for lack of jurisdiction. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Brennan, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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