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J.E.B. v. Alabama ex rel. T.B.

United States Supreme Court
511 U.S. 127 (1994)


Facts

The state of Alabama (defendant), on behalf of the single mother of a minor child, filed a paternity suit against J.E.B. (plaintiff). During voir dire, the state used nine of its ten peremptory strikes to exclude male jurors, which resulted in an entirely female jury. J.E.B. objected, arguing that the state’s use of peremptory challenges based on gender were prohibited by the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, and that the United States Supreme Court decision in Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986), holding that peremptory strikes based on race were in violation of equal protection, applied to exclusions based on gender as well. The court denied J.E.B.’s objection, and the jury found that J.E.B. was the child’s father and ordered him to pay child support. The court of appeals affirmed, and the United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Blackmun, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Concurrence (O’Connor, J.)

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Dissent (Scalia, J.)

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