Court of Appeals of New York
126 N.E. 814 (N.Y. 1920)
The decedent of Martin (plaintiff) was killed when a buggy he was driving collided with an automobile driven by Herzog (defendant). A statute required all buggies to be operated with headlights at night. At the time of the accident, Martin’s decedent was violating this statute by not driving a buggy with headlights. Martin brought suit against Herzog for negligence. Herzog countered by stating that Martin’s decedent was liable for contributory negligence based on his violation of the headlight statute. At trial, the jury held for Martin and found Herzog liable for negligence. The appellate court reversed, and Martin appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Cardozo, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 221,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.