In 1783, the Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War. The Treaty provided that Great Britain would be able to recover all of its debts from the United States. [Virginia passed a law that allowed its citizen-debtors to pay money owed to British citizens via a state loan office, which would then discharge the debt. A resident of Virginia (defendant) paid a debt owed to a British Citizen (plaintiff) via the loan office.] The citizen of Great Britain brought suit against the Virginia resident to recover the debt. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.