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White v. Regester
United States Supreme Court
412 U.S. 755 (1973)
Texas (defendant) adopted a plan for redistricting the Texas House of Representatives that created multimember districts. The redistricting plan was challenged for diluting minority voting power in violation of the Voting Rights Act (VRA). Two counties were highlighted: Dallas County and Bexar County. Dallas County had only elected two Black legislators from the county to the Texas House of Representatives since 1880. Additionally, the organization that effectively controlled the county’s Democratic Party had a history of campaigning against candidates who were supported by the Black community. Bexar County, which was 29 percent Mexican American, had only elected five Mexican American legislators to the Texas House of Representatives since 1880. The county had also historically discriminated against the community in areas such as healthcare, education, employment, and politics. The district court held that the multimember districts of Dallas County and Bexar County discriminated against their respective minority voter groups and ordered that they be turned into single-member districts. Texas appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)
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