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Wilson v. Adkins
Arkansas Court of Appeals
941 S.W.2d 440 (1997)
Alta Wilson (plaintiff) entered into an alleged contract with her nephew Ronnie Adkins (defendant) and her sister Georgia Adkins (defendant), since deceased, to agree upon the terms of Wilson’s bone-marrow donation to Georgia. Ronnie and Georgia agreed to pay Wilson over $100,000 to compensate Wilson for the risk, difficulties, and insurance consequences of the bone-marrow-donation procedure. Ronnie and Georgia did not fulfill their obligations under the terms of the contract. Wilson brought suit against Ronnie and Georgia in chancery court and claimed detrimental reliance on the agreement, breach of contract, and fraud. The chancery court granted a motion to dismiss Wilson’s detrimental-reliance claim. The chancery court transferred Wilson’s remaining claims to the trial court. The trial court held that the contract for Wilson’s bone-marrow donation to Georgia in exchange for over $100,000 violated a federal law that prohibited the sale of human organs for transplantation. The trial court dismissed all of Wilson’s claims based on the blatantly illegal nature of the alleged contract, which was void and unenforceable according to public policy. Wilson appealed the trial court’s dismissal of her claims.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Crabtree, J.)
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