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Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Mississippi College

626 F.2d 477 (1980)

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Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Mississippi College

United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

626 F.2d 477 (1980)

Facts

Mississippi College (college) (defendant) was a religious educational institution. The college had a policy of preferring Baptists in its hiring decisions. But the college was not a church, and its faculty members did not function as ministers. Patricia Summers was a part-time professor at the college and was not a Baptist. After Summers learned that the college was hiring a full-time professor in her department, she expressed her interest in the position. Nonetheless, the college did not hire Summers to fill the full-time position. The college contended that it declined to hire Summers for the position because she was not a Baptist. But there was no clear evidence supporting the college’s contention. Summers filed a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) (plaintiff), alleging that the college engaged in race and sex discrimination. The EEOC issued a subpoena in order to obtain information from the college. The college refused to comply with the subpoena. The EEOC then filed a petition in district court, seeking enforcement of the subpoena. The district court denied the petition. The EEOC appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Clark, J.)

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