Antonio Jackson (plaintiff) was hired by Rent-A-Center, West, Inc. (Rent-A-Center) (defendant). As a condition of his employment, Jackson signed a Mutual Agreement to Arbitrate Claims (Agreement) on February 24, 2003. The Agreement contained two specific agreements to arbitrate. First, all disputes arising out of the parties’ employment relationship were to be resolved by arbitration. Second, the power to hear claims that the Agreement itself was unenforceable was delegated to an arbitrator. On February 1, 2007, Jackson filed an employment discrimination suit against Rent-A-Center in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada. Rent-A-Center moved to compel arbitration pursuant to the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA). Jackson opposed, arguing that the Agreement was unconscionable. The District Court found that Jackson did not properly challenge the agreement to arbitrate. The Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed.