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International Law

International Court of Justice

International Court of Justice

Sometimes called the world court, learn about the ICJ’s powers, structure, and purpose.


In this lesson we’ll learn about the International Court of Justice, or ICJ. We’ll examine its role, structure, and jurisdiction.

I.               Purpose and Role

The International Court of Justice exists to settle disputes of international law between states. It was established in 1945 as the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. However, under certain conditions, even non-United Nations members can be part of the...