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Wills, Trusts, and Estates



Examine the common law doctrines of integration of wills and republication by codicil, as well as when a will may reference another writing through incorporation by reference and the doctrine of acts of independent significance.


A person must execute a valid will in order to dispose of his or her estate after death. But what should be included in that will? Generally, a testator should follow certain doctrines when altering or making references in a will. Today, you’ll be learning about the common doctrines that affect the integration of wills.

To start off our discussion, we’ll take a look at what’s in a will, covering the doctrine of integration and republication by codicil. After that, we’ll discuss when a will...