Adickes v. S. H. Kress & Co.
United States Supreme Court
398 U.S. 144 (1970)
On August 14, 1964, Sandra Adickes (plaintiff), a white schoolteacher, was refused service at the lunch counter at S.H. Kress & Co. (Kress) (defendant) in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, because she was accompanied by several of her African American students. After Adickes left the store, she was arrested on a charge of vagrancy. Adickes brought suit against Kress, alleging violation of her equal protection rights. She alleged two counts: (1) that she was refused service because she was in the company of African Americans, and there was a custom in the community of segregation in eating places; and (2) that the refusal of service and arrest were the result of a conspiracy between Kress and Hattiesburg police. At trial, Adickes did not prove that there had been other instances of a white person being refused service because he was accompanied by African Americans, and therefore failed to establish a custom, so the trial court directed a verdict in favor of Kress on the first count. The second count was dismissed on summary judgment before trial. The court of appeals affirmed with regards to both counts, Adickes appealed, and the United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Harlan, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.