From our private database of 36,900+ case briefs...
Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl
United States Supreme Court
133 S. Ct. 2552 (2013)
A baby girl (defendant) was born to a Hispanic mother and a father who was Cherokee. The mother and father were unwed at the time of the birth, which occurred off reservation. While the mother was pregnant, the father relinquished parental rights to the child by text message to the mother. The baby was born and the mother placed the baby for adoption. The adoptive parents (plaintiffs), non-Indians, notified the father of the pending adoption. The father did not contest the adoption, but later sought custody in the adoption proceedings held before the family court in South Carolina. The court denied the adoption under the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), 25 U.S.C. § 1901 et seq. Specifically, the court held that the father’s parental rights could not be involuntarily terminated under ICWA because the adoptive parents did not show that serious harm would come to the child by granting custody to the father. The South Carolina Supreme Court affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Alito, J.)
Concurrence (Breyer, J.)
Concurrence (Thomas, J.)
Dissent (Sotomayor, J.)
Dissent (Scalia, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 629,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 629,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 36,900 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.