United States Supreme Court
532 U.S. 275 (2001)
After Alabama made English its official language, the Alabama Department of Public Safety (defendant) started to administer driver’s license exams in English only. Sandoval et al. (plaintiffs) brought suit claiming that the English-only administration of the exam violated the disparate impact regulations (Section 602) in Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by discriminating against them on the basis of their national origin. The United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama issued an injunction enjoining the English-only policy. The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari on only the question of whether private individuals have a cause of action to enforce the disparate impact regulations (Section 602) in Title VI.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Scalia, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 241,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,200 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.