Allied Tube & Conduit Corp. v. Indian Head, Inc.
United States Supreme Court
486 U.S. 492 (1988)
The National Fire Protection Association (the Association) is a large private organization comprised of members from various groups and trades. The Association produces and publishes the National Electrical Code (the Code), which establishes standards for the design and installation of electric-wiring systems. Many state and local governments have adopted the Code without significant alteration. Additionally, many contractors and electrical inspectors will not accept a product or installation that does not meet the standards outlined in the Code. In 1980, Indian Head, Inc. (Indian Head) (plaintiff) began using plastic conduits to carry electrical wires throughout buildings. Previously, almost all conduits were made of steel, an approved material for conduit under the Code. Indian Head brought a proposal to secure approval of its plastic conduit. Allied Tube & Conduit Corporation (Allied Tube) (defendant) was the largest producer of steel conduits. Fearing that the approval of a plastic conduit would significantly hurt its business, Allied Tube met with other steel-conduit producers and sales agents and planned a strategy to block the proposal. Allied Tube and its associates packed the Association meeting with 230 new members who voted against the approval of plastic conduits, and the proposal was rejected by vote. In response, Indian Head brought a claim against Allied Tubing for unreasonable restriction of trade. The district court found for Indian Head, and Allied Tube appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Brennan, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 175,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.