Logourl black

ALS Scan, Inc. v. Digital Service Consultants, Inc.

United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
293 F.3d 707 (4th Cir. 2002)


ALS Scan, Inc. (ALS) (plaintiff), a Maryland corporation, sued Digital Service Consultants, Inc. (Digital) (defendant), a Georgia corporation, and a company called Alternative Products for copyright infringement. ALS claimed that Alternative Products posted ALS’s copyrighted photos on its website without permission. ALS also claims that Digital “enabled” this infringement because Digital was the internet service provider (ISP) for Alternative Products. Digital filed a motion to dismiss ALS’s claim on grounds that the Maryland district court did not have personal jurisdiction over it. The district court found that it did not have specific or general jurisdiction over Digital and granted Digital’s motion to dismiss. ALS filed an interlocutory appeal. The appellate court found that Digital’s passive role as an ISP did not amount to sufficient contacts with the state of Maryland to permit the court to have personal jurisdiction over Digital. The appellate court affirmed the district court’s order dismissing the case for lack of personal jurisdiction.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.


The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Niemeyer, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Here's why 92,000 law students rely on our case briefs:

  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners not other law students.
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet.
  • 12,498 briefs - keyed to 168 casebooks.
  • Uniform format for every case brief.
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language.
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions.
  • Ability to tag case briefs in an outlining tool.
  • Top-notch customer support.
Start Your Free Trial Now