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Amalgamated Meat Cutters v. Connally

337 F. Supp. 737 (1971)

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Amalgamated Meat Cutters v. Connally

United States District Court for the District of Columbia

337 F. Supp. 737 (1971)

Facts

Congress passed the Economic Stabilization Act of 1970 to combat inflation in the United States. The act conferred broad authority on the president of the United States to issue orders to help stabilize the economy. The authority granted to the president by the act had a limited time frame of about six months. The act also put limits on the president’s ability to set prices and wages in two ways. First, the president was not permitted to set prices and wages at levels lower than the levels on a certain date. Second, the act precluded the president from targeting particular industries absent a specific finding that prices and wages had increased disproportionately compared to the rest of the economy. President Nixon issued Executive Order 11615, which established a 90-day price-wage freeze. The Amalgamated Meat Cutters (AMC) (plaintiff) represented the unionized employees of major meatpacking companies who were entitled to a wage increase under their collective-bargaining agreement. AMC sued to invalidate the act and the subsequent executive order as an illegal and unconstitutional grant of legislative power in the president in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Leventhal, J.)

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