Logourl black
From our private database of 14,000+ case briefs...

American Civil Liberties Union v. Clapper

United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
785 F.3d 787 (2d Cir. 2015)


Facts

The National Security Agency (NSA) had a program that collected domestic telephone metadata in bulk and on a daily basis, including (1) the caller’s and recipient’s numbers; (2) the date, the time, the user or device making or receiving the call, and the duration of the call; (3) limited location information; and (4) calling-card numbers. The metadata did not include the content of the telephone call. The NSA received authority for the bulk-collection program from the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC) pursuant to § 501 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), as amended by § 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act (Act). The American Civil Liberties Union and the New York Civil Liberties Union (plaintiffs) filed suit in district court against National Intelligence Director James Clapper, NSA Director Michael Rogers, and other federal officials (defendants), challenging the legality of the NSA program. The plaintiffs sought a preliminary injunction to halt the program, arguing that the collected data violated the authority conferred by § 215 as well as the First and Fourth Amendments. The district court dismissed the complaint. The plaintiffs appealed.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Holding and Reasoning (Lynch, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 175,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.