American Insurance Association v. Garamendi
United States Supreme Court
539 U.S. 396 (2003)
During the 1990s, the United States and Germany entered into the German Foundation Agreement, in which Germany agreed to set up a $7 billion foundation to compensate Holocaust victims. The foundation cooperated with the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims (ICHEIC), which consisted of Holocaust survivors, European insurance companies, and U.S. state-insurance companies. ICHEIC worked with European insurance companies to access information on the policies and claims of Holocaust survivors. The United States also executed similar agreements with Austria and France, promising to do its best to ensure that U.S. state governments would not interfere with the foundation’s claim-resolution efforts. In 1999, the State of California (defendant) enacted the Holocaust Victim Insurance Relief Act (HVIRA), requiring any insurer conducting business in California to disclose information about insurance policies issued to persons in Europe between 1920 and 1945. If a company refused to do so, then that company could not do business in California. California argued that the HVIRA was necessary to protect California residents’ claims and related interests. The federal government contended that the HVIRA undercut the ICHEIC. The American Insurance Association and several insurance companies (plaintiffs) sued the state, arguing that the HVIRA infringed upon the executive branch’s established foreign policy. The district court granted summary judgment to the plaintiffs, and the court of appeals reversed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Souter, J.)
Dissent (Ginsburg, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 174,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.